Craps rules

Craps is considered by many to be the most exciting game in any casino. Not surprisingly, Craps is the game that always seems to be featured whenever gambling is shown on the movies.

There are a number of betting options in craps, and as a result, it could be considered a complicated game. But there are some simple bets that you can make to start with, and the odds on these are quite favourable. The rest, you will learn as you play.

Craps is centred around the roll of a pair of dice. The player who rolls the dice is known as the ‘shooter’. When two dice are rolled, any number between 2 and 12 can come up, with 7 being the most likely outcome. The number 7 has a better than 16% chance of coming up on each roll, whereas there is less than 3% chance of rolling a 2 or 12. Probabilities for other numbers are as follows: 6s and 8s under 14%, 5s and 9s nearly 11%, 4s and 10s almost 8%, 3s and 11s slightly less than 6%.

The most basic bet in craps, and the bet placed most be craps players, is placed on the ‘Pass Line’ before the shooter rolls the dice. If the shooter rolls 7 or 11, you and the shooter win, and the shooter keeps the dice to roll again. If the shooter hits 2, 3, or 12, the bet is lost but he remains the shooter and continues to roll the dice until he either makes his point and you both win, or he rolls a 7 and the bet is lost. In the above case, you have bet with the shooter. If you want to bet against him you place your bet on the ‘Don’t Pass’ line and the rules are entirely reversed except that if, on his first roll, the shooter rolls 12, it is a stand off and you neither win nor lose.

After the roll has begun and the shooter has a point, you can make a bet by placing it on the ‘come’ line. The same rules apply to you as if the shooter were making a first roll. If the next roll is 7 you win. If it is a 2, 3, or 12, you lose. If it is any other number, that becomes your ‘come point’ and, for you to win, it must be rolled again before a 7. If a 7 comes first, the bet is lost.

If you are new to craps, start with a ‘pass’ line bet and then perhaps try a ‘come’ bet. The casino edge on a pass line is around 1% so it represents a very safe bet.

The bets:

  • pass line
    1 to 1 pay-out, if the first roll of the dice adds up to 7 or 11, you win. 2, 3, or 12 loses the bet. Any other number becomes the ‘point’ and if the point is rolled again, you win, if 7 is rolled first you lose.
  • don’t pass
    1 to 1 payout, if the first roll of the dice adds up to 7 or 11, you lose. 2, 3, you win. 12 is a stand off. Any other number becomes the ‘point’ and if the point is rolled again, you lose, if 7 is rolled first you win.
  • come bets
    1 to 1 pay-out, basically the same as the PASS LINE except that you must bet after the point.
  • don’t come
    1 to 1 pay-out, the reverse of the COME BET, except that a first roll of 2 or 3 wins, and 12 is a stand off.

other bets…

  • odds
    pay-out varies, once you have a point or a come point, you may take the ODDS and win if the point or the come point is made before a 7. Pay off is 2 to 1 for 10’s or 4’s, 3 to 2 for 9’s or 5’s, 6 to 5 for 8’s or 6’s. When betting DON’T PASS or DON’T COME, you lay the odds as outlined. pay-out varies, once a shooter makes a point, you may take a PLACE BET on numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10. If your number comes up before 7, you win. Pay off is 9 to 5 on 4’s or 10’s, 7 to 5 on 5’s or 9’s, 7 to 6 on 8’s or 6’s.
  • field
    pay-out varies, here you’re betting that 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11 or 12 is rolled before 5, 6, 7 or 8. The 2 and 12 pay double.
  • big 6 or 8
    1 to 1 pay-out , you may bet one or both and win even money on the number when thrown before 7.
  • hardaway
    pay-out varies, you win if the number comes up exactly as on the table; lose if the number comes up any other way, or if a 7 is thrown.
  • proposition bets.
    pay-out varies, 2 and 12 pay 30 to 1, 3 and 11 pay 15 for 1, all on the first roll. any craps 7 to 1 pay-out, you can bet on any roll. If a 2, 3 or 12 rolls, you win. You are paid seven times the amount of your bet. If any other number is rolled, you lose.


Good luck!